A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th by Yi Wang

By Yi Wang

This e-book offers a complete evaluate of the evolution of Beijing’s city constitution within the twentieth century, interpreting crucial social and financial adjustments within the housing quarter. targeting the city adjustments that came about less than the marketplace economic system after 1978 and past, the publication addresses the demolition of courtyard homes in Beijing’s previous urban, the relocation of low-income households from the previous urban, the government’s function concerning housing within the urban, and home segregation in Beijing. increasing at the author’s PhD thesis on the collage of Cambridge, it's illustrated with a wealth of old photographs and maps of Beijing. offering proper descriptions, wide literature and case experiences, the publication bargains a priceless source for college kids and students of structure, city stories and chinese language stories. First released in 2013 via speed in Hong Kong, it has due to the fact been extra to the libraries of many exceptional universities, together with Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Columbia, Yale, Stanford, Cornell, U Penn, NYU, UC Berkeley, Hong Kong college, UBC in Canada and the college of Witwatersrand in South Africa.

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They called for developing the area “where work should be done in a planned way to choose a site with sufficient open space to be home to the government bodies, serving as the capital’s administration centre” (Liang and Chen 1986: 15). “Liang-Chen Proposal” (Fig. 16) took the whole situation into account that there is an acute shortage of open space within the city walls while the “new urban area” developed by Japanese aggressors is too far away from the city, which totally ignored the redevelopment of the Old City.

It was approved by the State Council of China in 1983. The most significant difference between this master plan and those produced in the 1950s is that the 1981 plan no longer emphasized that Beijing must be an industrial production base. In this plan, the city was identified as a political centre as well as a cultural one. In 1991, the municipal government, based on the 1981 plan, produced a new plan for the city: The Master Plan of Beijing (1991– 2010). It was approved by the State Council of China in 1993.

This was a great historical moment for Beijing, and marks the beginning of the city’s role as the political centre of north China. Based on the site of Liao’s Nanjing, Zhongdu underwent a large-scale reconstruction before Jin moved its capital there. The reconstruction of the new capital began in 1151. The urban area was extended toward the east, west and south, and was encircled by newly built city walls. After the extension, the layout of the city was utterly changed, and the palace, which had previously been located in the southwest corner of the city of Nanjing, now became the centre of the city of Zhongdu.

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