A grammar of the Hausa language by Frederick William Hugh Migeod

By Frederick William Hugh Migeod

Excerpt from A Grammar of the Hausa Language

This Grammar is basically for college students who've already got a few wisdom of the Hausa language.

In its compilation the writer has been at pains to make the vocabulary as assorted as attainable, in order that there are few phrases in universal use that experience no longer been made use of.

All principles, too, were absolutely illustrated, and, as regards akin to have purely been a little spotted via different writers, the writer has for choice chosen sentences from texts to which all scholars of the language have entry. during this approach the life of the principles themselves is extra effectively recognised.

The foundation of the Hausa language isn't inquired into right here, and etymologies are just sometimes tested. either one of those matters have been mentioned by means of the writer in his recently-published paintings, "The Languages of West Africa," and a repetition appeared a bit unnecessary.

The related commentary applies to the local script, that is Arabic somewhat modified.

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Extra resources for A grammar of the Hausa language

Example text

Towards) him 48 THE HAUSA LANGUAGE Locative case The equivalent of the locative is effected positions of place, but especially by "a" Doki shina tsaye a huinya Baya-n-gida A baya-n-gida by many pre- The horse stands in the road behind the house behind the house (but more emphatically in one locality behind the house) CHAPTER III ADJECTIVE APART from numeral adjectives, which will be treated separately, the adjective is of two kinds simple and compound. Simple adjectives show gender and number, but not case.

How do you do, madam ? " " " Mache is never used in such a way. Mata " also means wife, as which "mataye," etc. it takes a plural, Enna matanka ? Where is your wife ? " " Where are But certainly not your women ? Mata nan suna noma ; bayi ne These women are ploughing ; they are slaves 2. Wuri " but " kurdi cowry is kurdi shell cowries commonly used meaning money or price. PART IV CASE noun for case. in English, the position of the substantive with regard to the verb decides whether it is nominative or There is no inflection of the As accusative ; and what would be the genitive, dative, ablative, or locative cases are indicated by prepositions.

It is by the adjuncts alone that the gender a noun can be ascertained, the use of the masculine form for the feminine naturally requires some explanation, " " and it is in connection with the preposition of (" na," " " " "n" for masculine, and ta," t," "1," r," "t" for Seeing that of feminine) that the greatest uncertainties are found. This preposition as a copula, it may here be stated, plays a very important part in the structure of sentences. The reason for the apparent exceptions that are found can only be ascribed to the more exigent rules of euphony.

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