A History of the Hebrew Language by Angel Sáenz-Badillos, John Elwolde, Shelomo Morag

By Angel Sáenz-Badillos, John Elwolde, Shelomo Morag

A background of the Hebrew language is a accomplished description of Hebrew from its Semitic origins and the earliest cost of the Israelite tribes in Canaan to the current day. even though Hebrew is an oriental language, it truly is still heavily linked to Western tradition because the language of the Bible and was once utilized in writing by means of the Jews of Europe in the course of the heart a while. It has additionally been newly revived nowa days because the language of the nation of Israel. Professor Angel Saenz-Badillos units Hebrew within the context of the Northwest Semitic languages and examines the origins of Hebrew and its earliest manifestations in historical biblical poetry, inscriptions, and prose written prior to the Babylonian exile. He seems on the assorted mediaeval traditions of printing classical biblical Hebrew texts and the attribute gains of the post-exilic language, together with the Hebrew of the lifeless Sea Scrolls. He offers specific realization to Rabbinic and mediaeval Hebrew, specifically as evidenced in writings from Spain. His survey concludes with the revival of the language this century within the kind of Israeli Hebrew.

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Extra resources for A History of the Hebrew Language

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However, Dahood's more extreme claims are largely rejected nowadays. 86 See Garbini 1960,186. S. Harris's Development of the Canaanite dialects, published in 1939. Although its principal concern is diachronic, it also offers a synchronic perspective on the results of the developments described. Certain questionable aspects of the work reflect the state of knowledge at the time. 88 Changes that may have taken place before the second half of the second millennium BCE include the reduction of diphthongs, the disappearance of mimation in the singular noun, the evolution of the interdentals, the neutralization of certain sibilants, and the assimilation of nun to a following consonant.

A. Schaeffer, C. Virolleaud, J. Nougayrol, E. Laroche, A. Herdner, and others. Many other editions and translations into various languages have also appeared. 11 Some of the more outstanding features of Ugaritic are its preservation of most of the Proto-Semitic consonantal phonemes, including the velars and interdental fricatives, and its use of a cuneiform alphabet which employs three graphemes for alef in combination with each of the three basic vowels, a, 1, and u. The diphthongs aw and ay are usually reduced to 0 and e.

Levin 1971,704. The work is reviewed in von Sodcn 1974. 94 1970. See S£enz-BadiIlos 1974. 9 5 I 960. 1 The Northwest Semitic languages The geographical and historical facts of Hebrew place it within the Northwest Semitic group of languages. 1 As against the traditional classification of Northwest Semitic into two subgroups, Canaanite and Aramaic, the tendency nowadays is to accept the proposition of S. Moscati and G. 2 Less disputable is the exclusion from Northwest Semitic of Eblaite, attested in the north roughly halfway through the third millennium BCE, as already noted in Chapter 1.

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