A Short History of Biology by Isaac Asimov

By Isaac Asimov

In four hundred B.C., whilst Hippocrates wrote a ebook claiming that epilepsy, the “sacred disease,” used to be a normal ailment and never a visitation of demons, the technological know-how if biology should be stated to have all started. seeing that then, curious naturalists have studied animals and plans, medical professionals hae sought solutions to very useful questions. The technological know-how of biology has grown—slowly at the start, preventing and beginning back, and development within the final century to a crescendo that has no longer but reached its peak.

This concise, authoritative e-book strains the interesting improvement of the technological know-how of existence, from the traditional Greeks during the huge fulfillment of Charles Darwin to the explosive development of molecular biology that's leading to today’s nice breakthroughs in genetics and medication. Written by way of Isaac Asimov, affiliate Professor of Biochemistry at Boston college and writer of various books on technology, this can be a hugely readable, brilliant advent to the heritage and ideas of biology.

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Wrong in details, and there were physiologists who attempted to hammer home the mechanist view in elaborate detail. Thus, the Italian physiologist, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (1608-79), in a book appearing the year after his death, analyzed muscular action by Descartes' theories, though possibly were nevertheless very influential, treating muscle-bone combinations as a system of levers. This proved useful and the laws that held for levers made of wood held Borelli tried exactly for levers to made of bone and muscle.

In 1693, he prepared a book on animal life that was less extensive but in which he attempted to make a encyclopedia of plant logical classification of the different species into groups. He based the groups largely on the toes and teeth. For instance, he divided mammals into two large groups: those with toes and those with hoofs. ), and three-hoofed (rhinoceros). ) Ray's system of classification was not kept, but it had the interesting feature of dividing and subdividing, and was to be developed further by the Swedish natural(1707-78), usually known by the Latinized name, Carolus Linnaeus.

The other hand, used single enough to be built out of small pieces of flawless glass. He ground these with meticulous care to the point where he could get clear magnification of up to 200-fold. The lenses were, in some cases, no larger than the head of a pin, but they served Van Leeuwenlenses, tiny hoek's purposes perfectly. He looked at everything through his lenses and was and capillaries with able to describe red blood corpuscles greater detail and accuracy than the Swammerdam and Malpighi, could.

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