A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages by Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

By Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

BY J. C. ANCEAUX because the visual appeal of Brugmann's recognized article at the relation­ ships of the Indo-European languages in 1884, the topic of sub­ grouping of languages as a methodological challenge has been raised merely sometimes. To this obvious loss of curiosity in an immense aspect in comparative linguistics numerous reasons will be assigned. one in all them is consensus has been reached concerning the major outlines of the family-tree for the language-family which has obtained extra realization than the other: the Indo-European. one other rationalization is that for many of the branches of this kin old fabrics can be found that have proved very worthwhile for the reconstruction of the inter­ mediate levels among the proto-Ianguage ande the modem languages. For a number of branches merely has the matter of subgrouping been an issue for dialogue (e.g. Germanic). designated consciousness, besides the fact that, should be anticipated from those that began to observe the comparative easy methods to different language-families. This realization did come ahead, although now not instantly, simply because linguists first needed to take care of the issues of proving the lifestyles of the kinfolk in query and determining which languages belonged to it. For the Austronesian languages severe attemps to reach at a lin­ guistic category begun fairly overdue. convinced circumstances of nearer relationships have been noticeable sufficient to be well-known very early ( e.g.

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Extra resources for A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages

Sample text

Form may have been originally *kua:taku; by metathesis, it became quka :taku. The 11. form which corresponds to *kuwataku is kuwa:tayu, which is a combination of kuwa and the bound form taYll 'ours (inclusive)'. The Ib. form here is kuwa :tarn, which IS a combination of kuwa and the bound form tarn 'our (inclusive)'. , H. kuwa:mi, Ka. , Ka. mi 'our (exclusive)',19 The Ka. form may have been originally *kua:mi; by metathesis it became quka:mi. , H. kuwa :yu, Ka. , Ka. 20 The Ka. form may have been originally *kua:yu; by metathesis it became quka:yu.

Tolul13olfulu, Ch. tülulnaifüluq, Tg. tatlulmlpuq, Bk. tululmlpu:luq, H. tululmlpulu, Ka. tululnlpu 'thirty'. g. Se. kalapa :san 'transgressions' ({la :pas } 'transgress'), Ri. kaduta:qari 'fields' ({du:taq} 'earth'), SL. kakawaya:nan 'bamboo woods' ({kawa:yan} 'bamboo'). Perhaps, the forms Se. kaluha:qan, SL. , SL. e. e. ten's)'. , and SL. forms use the affix {ka- -an}, which is a discontinuous morpheme, to express 'collectivity', whereas H. and Ka. use {hin-}, aprefix, to express 'collectivity'.

2). , H. kuwa:ta, Ka. quka:ta 'ours (dual)' imply a protoform kuwata, which appears to contain *kuwa and PMP. , Ka. ta 'ours (dual)'. The Ka. form may have been originally *kua:ta; by metathesis it became quka:ta. 5 H. kuwatuqu, Ka. quka:taku 'ours (inclusive)' imply a protoform kuwataku, which appears to contain *kuwa and *taku, which is the H. and Ka. free nominative form for the first person plural inclusive. 1). The H. form may have been originally *kuwataqu; by assimilation, the a vowel of the penult became u before the u in the ultima.

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