Absolute Constructions in Early Indo-European by Antonia Ruppel

By Antonia Ruppel

Some time past, discussions approximately absolute buildings (ACs) were restricted through an obscure realizing of what ACs are. by way of interpreting the character and serve as of ACs and comparable buildings in Greek, Latin and Sanskrit, this new learn arrives at a transparent and easy definition of ACs. targeting the earliest attested fabric in every one language, Dr Ruppel highlights how using ACs differs among the languages and gives reasons for those changes. Referring at once and largely to the early fabric, she identifies the typical middle shared through all ACs and reconstructs their improvement into Greek, Latin and Sanskrit. This ancient point of view finds how ACs were conceived of via grammarians, philologists or even Christian missionaries during the last thousand years and the way enduring misconceptions nonetheless have an effect on our dialogue of them this present day.

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Extra info for Absolute Constructions in Early Indo-European

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Edu. 139 on Wed Jul 17 18:06:26 WEST 2013. 002 Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2013 the scope of this study collection of Early Latin AAs is based on those found in Bennett (1914) and Keydana (1997). gvedic Word Concordance (1997) and looking for participles in the locative, while my examples from Vedic prose are taken from Oertel (1926). e. not the result of a comprehensive search) or, where so noted, taken from a variety of grammars. Chapter 2 will focus on what an AC can do: given its strongly verbal participle system, Greek does not only have unambiguous ACs, but these have also developed rather far.

It already goes beyond the formal minimum of an AC ((pro)noun and qualifier) by including the adverb n»sfin. 4 The great majority of Homeric GAs consist of at least (pro)noun and participle. At Il. 458,5 the GA does not have a head noun, which however is present in the preceding sentence. Od. 527 also have no nominal head. d). Although nominal in shape, some Homeric GAs serve as clausal equivalents. This can be seen not only from their semantic contents, but also from the fact that they include particles like m”n and d”, which correlate them with other (finite) subordinate clauses, or also ge and (oÉk)”ti: –peª ‹r s” ge qum¼v ½trÅnei –pª n av –me±o m•n oÉk –qeloÅshv.

Semantic cases can denote elements dependent on verbs (as in English ‘she put the book on the table, he cut the cake with a knife, they went away from the house’). Using such expressions as the basis of our theories would again require an explanation of how the link between the head and what it governs is weakened. ACs stand in apposition to whole clauses. What we are thus looking for are adverbial expressions that do the same. g. ‘they bring in the harvest on 45 Cf. Blake 2001: 33. 139 on Wed Jul 17 18:06:26 WEST 2013.

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