African Urban Economies: Viability, Vitality or Vitiation? by Deborah Potts, Deborah Fahy Bryceson

By Deborah Potts, Deborah Fahy Bryceson

Are Africa's such a lot populous and economically dominant towns a strength to reckon with within the twenty-first century? This ebook analyzes the economies of East and Southern Africa's 'apex' towns, probing how they've got altered structurally over the years and their present resources of monetary energy and vulnerability at neighborhood, nationwide and overseas degrees. Case examine chapters targeting Johannesburg, Chitungwiza, Gaborone, Maputo, Dar es Salaam, Mombasa, Nairobi, Kampala and Mogadishu shed new gentle on modern African city customers and difficulties.

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Cooper, F. (1987) On the African Waterfront: Urban Disorder and the Transformation of Work in Colonial Mombasa, New Haven CT, Yale University Press. Drakakis-Smith, D. (1992) ‘Strategies for Meeting Basic Food Needs in Harare’, in J. O. Pedersen (eds), The Rural-Urban Interface in Africa: Expansion and Adaptation, Uppsala, The Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, 258–83. Feierman, S. (1990) Peasant Intellectuals: Anthropology and History in Tanzania, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press.

In stark contrast to the lacuna urban governments cited above, the labyrinth urban governments hail from a tradition of apartheid urban control involving elaborate spatial planning and social engineering underlined by clearly perceived economic and political imperatives of the nationstate. The ‘big brother’ connotations of control after independence have not been necessarily politically overbearing nor detrimental to the welfare of the mass of the urban poor. Gaborone is illustrative; having started as a ‘brown field’ site for the Botswanan capital, it has been consciously planned from the outset (Chapter 12).

African population flows to urban areas were deflected to outlying townships necessitating long commutes between home and work. This was illustrated by the construction of Chitungwiza, an enormous dormitory city for African labourers, 25 miles from Harare by Southern Rhodesia’s UDI government (Chapter 11). De jure racial separateness in urban planning was rejected by the subsequent Mugabe government but Harare’s new low-income townships of Kuwadzana and Budiriro in the southwest and Hatcliffe in the north became outlying locations with primarily black populations.

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