By Julie Kerr Casper
Explores probably the most very important makes use of of the land: the construction of agriculture. This e-book is helping readers examine that farms and ranches produce even more than nutrition; yet scientists, farmers, ranchers, and different landowners have not solved conservation difficulties - but.
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Extra resources for Agriculture: The Food We Grow and Animals We Raise
A dust storm approaches Stratford, Texas, in April 1935. (Courtesy of the USDA Wind Erosion Research Unit; photo by George E. Marsh) acres of land. The drought and topsoil loss lasted until 1938. Many people who lived in the Dust Bowl states abandoned their farms and moved away. The Dust Bowl exodus was the largest migration in American history. 5 million people had moved out of the Great Plains. In response to this disaster, the federal government created the Soil Erosion Service (SES) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) to recover the land.
Balers are machines that scoop up the hay after it has been cut. The baler gathers the hay into bundles by compressing the grass and tying it with a string. Hay bales can be big and round or small and rectangular, depending on the baler used. After the hay is baled, it is moved into a haystack or into a barn for storage using a front-end loader. The front-end loader has a bucket fitted on it with a protruding steel spike. The spike is what lifts the heavy round hay bales (like lifting something with a fork).
The farmer gained this knowledge by understanding the soil, the terrain, and the characteristics of the future crop. Physically, plowing was a tremendous challenge. The farmer had to keep 400 pounds (181 kilograms) of wood and steel steady at a consistent depth while walking in uneven, soft soil. It was often a balancing act to keep the plow level and the horses that pulled it in a straight line. Once a field was plowed, it needed to be planted. The early farmer sowed (planted) seeds by hand as he walked along the length of the furrows, keeping his pace steady and trying to scatter the same amount of seed everywhere.