By Patricia Melzer
Although set in different worlds populated through alien beings, technological know-how fiction is a website the place people can critique and re-imagine the paradigms that form this global, from basics reminiscent of the intercourse and gender of the physique to international strength kinfolk between sexes, races, and international locations. Feminist thinkers and writers are more and more spotting technological know-how fiction's power to shatter patriarchal and heterosexual norms, whereas the creators of technological know-how fiction are bringing new intensity and complexity to the style via attractive with feminist theories and politics. This publication maps the intersection of feminism and technology fiction via shut readings of technology fiction literature via Octavia E. Butler, Richard Calder, and Melissa Scott and the films "The Matrix" and the "Alien" sequence. Patricia Melzer analyzes how those authors and flicks signify debates and ideas in 3 components of feminist proposal: identification and distinction, feminist evaluations of technological know-how and know-how, and the connection between gender identification, physique, and hope, together with the recent gender politics of queer wants, transgender, and intersexed our bodies and identities. She demonstrates that key political components form those debates, together with worldwide capitalism and exploitative type family members inside of a turning out to be overseas approach; the impression of machine, business, and clinical applied sciences on women's lives and reproductive rights; and post-human embodiment as expressed via biotechnologies, the body/machine interface, and the commodification of hope. Melzer's research makes it transparent that feminist writings and readings of technology fiction are a part of a feminist critique of present energy kin - and that the alien structures (cyborgs, clones, androids, extraterrestrial beings, and hybrids) that populate post-modern technological know-how fiction are as in all likelihood empowering as they're threatening.
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Extra resources for Alien Constructions: Science Fiction and Feminist Thought
I N TR O D U C TI O N 23 Donna Haraway’s ‘‘A Manifesto for Cyborgs: Science, Technology, and Socialist Feminism in the 1980s,’’ originally published in 1985,30 oﬀered a feminist rereading of cyborg myths and representation. 31 Economic relations—shaped by an exploding global capitalism based on exploitative historical legacies of colonialism— are part of these changing relationships. As a semiotic tool—a metaphor—the cyborg foregrounds representation and the constructions of cultural meaning, drawing both science and economic theories and their representations into the analysis of power relations.
The texts analyzed in Alien Constructions are in dialogue with feminist theories about subjectivities of women of color that view identity as a continuous negotiation of conﬂicting experiences more than as a ﬁnal product. This view embraces diﬀerences as persistent components of subjectivity and integrates them into the model of the inappropriate other (Trinh Min-ha) and into the concept of impurity as resisting subjectivity (Maria Lugones). Theories of borderline identities (Gloria Anzaldúa), nomadic subjects (Rosi Braidotti), and migratory subjects (Carole Boyce Davies) speak to issues of geographical (and social/political) displacements, and their eﬀect on identity formation.
While digital culture is a central part of postmodern technoscience, it represents only one of several areas structured by new technologies. ) The central metaphor in cyborg feminism is the cyborg, a creature both human and machine, whose existence simultaneously relies on and redeﬁnes the relationship between humans and technology. While it is important to recognize overlaps between cyberfeminism and cyborg feminism, the theoretical framework that informs Alien Constructions is committed to the material basis underlying cyborg feminism.